- Abduction Abductive reasoning is a form of logical inference which starts with an observation or set of observations then seeks to find the simplest and most likely explanation. In abductive reasoning, unlike in deductive reasoning, the premises do not guarantee the conclusion.
- Asch Studies In psychology, the Asch conformity experiments or the Asch Paradigm refers to a series of studies directed by Solomon Asch studying if and how individuals yielded to or defied a majority group and the effect of such influences on beliefs and opinions.
- Backfire Effect
- Baysian Epsitemology Bayesian epistemology models degrees of belief (cf. credence) as mathematical probabilities. It utilises Bayes Theorem as it theoretical basis.
- Belief-Bias Belief bias is the tendency to judge the strength of arguments based on the plausibility of their conclusion rather than how strongly they support that conclusion. A person is more likely to accept arguments that supports a conclusion that aligns with our values, beliefs and prior knowledge, while rejecting counter arguments to the conclusion.
- Cognitive Illusions
- Confirmation Bias
- Conspiracy Theories
- conspiracy theorist
- conspiracy theory
- critical discourse analysis
- Critical Thinking
- Cybernetics Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory systems—their structures, constraints, and possibilities.
- Demand Characteristics
- Discourse Analysis Discourse analysis, or discourse studies, is a general term for a number of approaches to analyze written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event.
- Dual-Process Theory
- Group-Conformity Conformity is the act of matching attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to group norms. Norms are implicit, specific rules, shared by a group of individuals, that guide their interactions with others. This tendency to conform occurs in small groups and/or society as a whole, and may result from subtle unconscious influences, or direct and overt social pressure.
- Group Dynamics